Slingshot 329, March/April 2020

Editorial - In Memoriam Patrick Waterson


Bosworth Field 1485 Battle Pack - by Richard Lockwood

Bosworth Field is one of the most significant battles in English history, yet some details of the engagement are frustratingly unclear, even to the location of the battlefield—until recently. Richard Lockwood gives the findings of contemporary research.

The French at Bosworth - by Duncan Head

The French contingent at Bosworth was an important part of Henry’s army, but how large was it and how was it equipped? Duncan trawls through the sources to give a nuanced picture of mixed-arms infantry that were the beginnings of a French standing army.

Tactica II - A Personal Perspective - by Simon Watson

For Simon Watson, Tactica II strikes the ideal balance between ease of play, historical feel, the player’s decision-making, aesthetics, and the richness of troop diversity.

Providing Your Warhorses - by Jim Webster

Heavy cavalry has always been expensive, but Jim Webster shows just how expensive it was for the Frankish kingdom to raise good quality warhorses.

Numbers in Some Roman Battles - by Julian Lorriman

The standard wisdom is that Gallic armies consisted of vast numbers of warriors. But reading between the lines in the sources, Julian Lorriman comes up with a different picture.

Trouble in Paradise - by David Beatty

A good bout of bloody warfare in the peaceful islands of Hawaii where visitors in the 15th century were more likely to be met with spears than wreaths.

In One Side, Out the Other - by Chris Hahn

Interpenetration—one unit passing through another—in most wargaming rules is limited to psiloi and sometimes light horse. But in the past other troop types possessed this ability. Chris Hahn examines the evidence to see which ruleset best replicates the historical record.

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Click on 'read more' to see a list of the internet links appearing in articles in this edition.




Battlefield Trust Website

American branch of the Richard III Society

Website map of Foard's deployments



Illustrations of coats of arms

Text of Traité du costume militaire des Français en 1446: or

Ordonnances royales sur les francs-archers

Chroniques de Jean Molinet:

Account of the battle

Complete book

The Historie and Cronicles of Scotland From the Slauchter of King James the First To the Ane thousande fyve hundreith thrie scoir fyftein zeir

Epístolas de Mosen Diego de Valera


1. Wikipedia article








Dress and Weapons of the Melanesians

Hawaiian Military

Dress, Weapons and Implements of the Polynesians and Micronesians, by Ratzel

HEN Material Culture – War Implements

Ancient Hawaii

Ancient Hawaii (World Heritage Encyclopedia)

Bloodaxe Miniatures

Eureka Miniatures

Mick Yarrow Miniatures

Battleline Miniatures








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